Native Trees


Please note: We do not ship plants. We sell retail to the area only. Non-profit organizations, state and county parks, schools and landscapers receive a discount from retail pricing. Most trees are in trade "1-5 gallon" pots, sizes 300, 600, 1200 and 1600, and are between 2ft to 6ft tall. We do not carry B&B trees. Prices range from $19 to about $60/pot, depending on pot size, plant height and variety. Notes on nativity and distribution throughout PA are from The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania, by Rhoads and Klein.

Acer rubrum, Red Maple| PA Native | Wide distribution
Acer rubrum, Red Maple| PA Native | Wide distribution

Red Maple is an attractive shade tree that is adaptable to a range of conditions. Rounded outline at maturity, and fast growth rate of 10' over 5 years. The species exhibits lots of variation in fall color, from yellow to red. Red buds and flowers in early spring are another attractive feature.

Culture: Plant in full sun to light shade in moist, acid soil. Also tolerates wet or compacted soils. Found in dry to wet soils, swamps and bogs.

Height: 40-60'h x w.

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Acer saccharum,	Sugar Maple | PA Native | Wide distribution
Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple | PA Native | Wide distribution

Consistently beautiful fall color is the signature trait of Sugar Maples - ranging from yellow, to orange, to red. The outline is upright and oval. Growth rate is slow to medium. Takes about 20 years to get to the maturity level needed to tap for sap to make maple syrup.

Culture: Plant in full sun to light shade in well-drained, moderately moist soil; no pH preference. Does not tolerate crowded or urban conditions.

Height: 60'-70'h x 40'w. 

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Amelanchier canadensis, Shadblow Serviceberry | PA Native | v. limited - SE PA only, not in Berks distribution
Amelanchier canadensis, Shadblow Serviceberry | PA Native | v. limited - SE PA only, not in Berks distribution

A wonderful 3-season plant! This multi-stemmed shrub or small tree has beautiful white flowers in early spring, before the leaves emerge; lovely and edible blue fruit in summer; and outstanding red-orange fall color. Highly ornamental in all seasons. What's not to like?  Hosts Striped Hairstreak and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist to average soil. 

Height: 15-30'h x 15-20'w.

Amelanchier laevis, Serviceberry | PA Native | wide distribution

A large shrub or small tree with masses of small white flowers in spring, followed by delicious edible black berries that ripen in June - either you or the birds will love them, depending on who gets there first! Outstanding orange-red fall color. Genus (Amelanchier) is a host plant for Striped Hairstreak and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained, acidic soil. Tolerant of drier soils, as well.

Height: 15'-20' h.

Available: straight species.

Asimina triloba, Pawpaw | PA Native | limited distribution - southern PA
Asimina triloba, Pawpaw | PA Native | limited distribution - southern PA

The smaller size of this native fruit tree makes it easy to incorporate into most home landscapes. Dark red, downward-facing flowers appear in early May, and are followed by 2-5" long fruits that mature by September. The fruit has a banana custard-like taste and consistency.  Hosts Zebra Swallowtail butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, fertile, slightly acidic soil. Two plants are needed for fruit production. Suckers to form colonies. 

Height:15-20'h x 10'-20'w.

Betula lenta, Cherry Birch | PA Native | wide distribution
Betula lenta, Cherry Birch | PA Native | wide distribution

Lovely larger tree for the home landscape or for naturalizing. Open, informal shape at maturity; clear yellow fall color. Stems have a strong wintergreen scent when crushed. Cherry Birch may be tapped for sap just like sugar maples, and produces a strong syrup with the flavor of molasses.  Genus hosts Comma, Dreamy Duskywing, Mourning Cloak, Tiger Swallowtail, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to light shade in moist, rich, well-drained soil. Prefers cool conditions.  More resistant to birch borer than other birches.

Height: 40'-60'h.

Betula nigra, River Birch | PA Native | limited distribution, found in Eastern PA only
Betula nigra, River Birch | PA Native | limited distribution, found in Eastern PA only

One of our outstanding native trees for sheer ornamental value. River Birch is naturally multi-stemmed with gorgeous peeling bark on mature plants, providing great winter interest. Also one of the more adaptable and hardy birches, heat tolerant and at home in wet, moist, to occasionally dry soil.  Genus hosts Comma, Dreamy Duskywing, Mourning Cloak, Tiger Swallowtail, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to part shade in wet, moist, or occasionally dry soil. Do not prune in late winter when sap is running.

Height: 40'-70' h.

Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam, Ironwood | PA Native | wide distribution
Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam, Ironwood | PA Native | wide distribution

American Hornbeam is a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed smaller tree that performs well in shade. Leaves turn yellow-green, or occasionally orange, in fall. The smooth, gray bark appears muscled at maturity, giving rise to its other common names, Ironwood or Musclewood.  Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail and Striped Hairstreak butterflies.

Culture: Plant in shade in rich soils; tolerates drier soils and periodic flooding, as well. Often found at a stream edge. Transplant in spring. 

Height: 20'-40'h.

Carya laciniosa, Shellbark Hickory | PA Native | v. limited distribution - found in Berks
Carya laciniosa, Shellbark Hickory | PA Native | v. limited distribution - found in Berks

Shellbark Hickory is a tall, slow-growing, long-lived tree with a stately form. Many features are distinctive: long strips of peeling bark, good yellow fall color, and edible nuts produced in fall are tasty for humans and a food source for many animals.  Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Juvenal's Duskywing, Banded Hairstreak and Striped Hairstreak butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in deep, moist soil. Long taproot - use a post hole digger. Tolerates deep shade, periodic flooding, and dry soils. 

Height:80'h x 40'w.

Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry | PA Native | moderate distribution
Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry | PA Native | moderate distribution

Hackberry is a medium-sized tree with a rounded top and pendulous lower branches. The bark develops corky ridges with age. Fall color is a light yellow. Many animals use the nuts, hackberries, produced in the fall.  Hosts Comma, Hackberry, Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Snout, and Tawny Emperor butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun in rich, moist soils. Very tolerant of a range of conditions, including urban sites. 

Height: 40'-60'h.

Cercis canadensis, Eastern Redbud | PA Native | limited distribution - southern PA only

This beautifully-shaped tree is a harbinger of spring. The branches appear to burst into bloom in early spring, before the leaves emerge. Flowers are a rosy-purple; new leaves emerging are maroon, later turning green. Fall color can be a good yellow. Wide vase shape gives it good form.  Hosts Spicebush Swallowtail butterfly.

Culture: Best in light shade, but tolerates full sun. Prefers moist soil, but adapts to dry soil; any pH. Does not tolerate wet soils or damage to the trunk. 

Height: 20'-30'h x w.

Chionanthus virginicus, Fringetree | PA Native | limited distribution, not found in Berks
Chionanthus virginicus, Fringetree | PA Native | limited distribution, not found in Berks

One of our showiest native trees in bloom! This typically multi-stemmed small tree has drooping, feathery white flowers that are lightly fragrant in late May to early June. Yellow fall color. Trees have either male or female flowers: both are showy, but female trees may produce berries that are loved by birds. Trouble-free and very beautiful.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. Tolerates clay soils and urban conditions. Slow to medium growth rate. Late to leaf out in spring.

Height: 12-20'h x w.

Cornus alternifolia, Pagoda Dogwood | PA Native | wide distribution
Cornus alternifolia, Pagoda Dogwood | PA Native | wide distribution

This is an extremely beautiful and underused native tree. Pagoda Dogwood has a strongly horizontal branching habit, giving it a layered appearance, like the tiers of a pagoda. Large white flowers in late spring are fragrant; fruit changes color from green to red to blue-black in late summer.  Hosts Spring Azure and Summer Azure butterflies.

Culture: Plant in part shade to full sun in moist, acid, well-drained soil. Mulch with shredded leaves or compost to keep the root zone cool. 

Height: 15'-20'h x 20'-30'w.

Cornus florida, Dogwood | PA Native | Moderate distribution

Flowering Dogwood is a small tree with four solid seasons of interest. A long flowering period in late spring of white flowers that fade to pink as they age; clusters of bright red berries in fall; consistently excellent fall color of red to purple; and unique blocky bark for winter interest.  Hosts Spring Azure and Summer Azure butterflies.

Culture: Plant in partial shade to full sun in moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Mulch or use a groundcover to keep the roots cool. Ideally suited for edge of the woods. 

Height: 25'h x 25'w.

Diospyros virginiana, Common Persimmon | PA Native | Limited distribution
Diospyros virginiana, Common Persimmon | PA Native | Limited distribution

Persimmons give you delicious fruit right from your backyard in late fall and early winter! The soft yellow to orange fruits are edible to humans after the first frosts; other wildlife enjoy them before then. Upright, oval shape, green to yellow fall color, and distinctive black, blocky bark.  Hosts American Painted Lady butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil; also adaptable to poor, dry soil and urban conditions. May sucker to form thickets. 

Height: 30'-60'h x 20'-35'w.

Fagus grandifolia, American Beech | PA Native | wide distribution
Fagus grandifolia, American Beech | PA Native | wide distribution

American Beech is a stately, wide-spreading tree with beautiful smooth gray bark. Fall color is a fine bronze yellow, and edible fruits - beechnuts - are enjoyed by humans and wildlife. Long-lived tree that needs room!  

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in deep, rich, moist but well-drained soil. Not tolerant of urban conditions. May sucker from base. 

Height: 50'-80'h x w.

Fraxinus americana, White Ash, American Ash | PA Native | wide distribution
Fraxinus americana, White Ash, American Ash | PA Native | wide distribution

White Ash is a very large, wide-spreading shade tree with fall color that is often purplish to maroon. Rounded outline, and medium growth rate of 1-2' per year over a 10-15 yr period; thick, coarse twigs and branches. A handsome tree that is also easy to transplant.  Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Giant Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Baltimore and Mourning Cloak butterflies.

Culture:Plant in full sun in deep, moist, well-drained soils. Adaptable to different soil pH levels. 

Height: 60-80'h x 60'w.

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Ilex opaca, American Holly | PA Native | limited distribution; protected in PA
Ilex opaca, American Holly | PA Native | limited distribution; protected in PA

American Holly is rarely seen in PA - habitat loss has put it on the endangered species list. Spiny, evergreen leaves show off red berries on female plants in late fall. Old leaves may turn yellow and drop in spring, but they will be followed by new growth. Ultimately big, but slow-growing. 

Culture: Plant in partial shade to full sun in a site protected from strong winds. Prefers moist, acidic, well-drained soil, but also tolerates drought. 

Height: 30'-40'h x 20'-30'w.

Magnolia virginiana, Sweetbay Magnolia | PA Native | v. limited distribution - SE PA only - protected in PA
Magnolia virginiana, Sweetbay Magnolia | PA Native | v. limited distribution - SE PA only - protected in PA

This is a lovely smaller tree with very fragrant white flowers in late spring (after all danger of frost has passed), and large, thick, glossy leaves which are semi-evergreen. Form can be single- or multi-stemmed. The branching habit is open and and attractive.  Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Black Swallowtail and Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist or wet acidic soils. 

Height: 30'h x 20'w.

Morus rubra, Red Mulberry | PA Native | limited distribution - mostly S PA
Morus rubra, Red Mulberry | PA Native | limited distribution - mostly S PA

Culture:  

Height: .

Nyssa sylvatica,	Sour-gum, Black Tupelo | PA Native | moderate distribution
Nyssa sylvatica, Sour-gum, Black Tupelo | PA Native | moderate distribution

Sour-gum is possibly the best native tree for fall color, which is consistently gorgeous in shades of yellow, orange, red, or purple. It also has a very attractive habit, with pendulous lower branches, and branches that radiate horizontally from the center. Very special!

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, acid soils; also tolerates wet and dry soils. Transplant in early spring; has taproot, so don't move after planting.

Height: 30'-50'h x w. 

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Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine | PA Native | wide distribution
Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine | PA Native | wide distribution

A fast-growing pine with a graceful, wide-spreading, open form. As it matures, it becomes more picturesque, and has a tendency to lose some lower branches.  None known

Culture: Plant in full sun in rich, moist, well-drained soil. Not tolerant of salt or air pollution. 

Height:50-80'h x 40'w.

Prunus americana, Wild Plum | PA Native | moderate distribution
Prunus americana, Wild Plum | PA Native | moderate distribution

Wild Plum is a small tree or large shrub with showy white flowers in early spring followed by 1" edible plums with a red skin and yellow interior. Spiny side branches. As a shrub, it can sucker, sometimes aggressively, to form thickets. Thrives with neglect!  Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Coral Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, Spring Azure, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in any type of well-drained soil. Very adaptable to adverse conditions.

Height: 15-25' h x w.

Prunus serotina, Black Cherry | PA Native | Wide distribution
Prunus serotina, Black Cherry | PA Native | Wide distribution

Black Cherry is an important native tree that offers a high wildlife value to songbirds and small mammals, which use the fruits and other parts of the tree for food. Pendulous white flowers appear in May, and are followed by red fruits in late summer. Fall color is often a good yellow to red.  Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Coral Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, Spring Azure, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun in moist to dry soil; no pH preference. Can be weedy in a garden; best used in natural forest settings. 

Height: 40'-60'h x 20'w.

Quercus alba, White Oak | PA Native | wide distribution
Quercus alba, White Oak | PA Native | wide distribution

A tall, handsome oak with lobed, rounded leaves, and red, wine, or brown fall color. Rounded outline with horizontal lower branches. Medium to slow growth rate: 10-12' in a 10 year period. Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Banded Hairstreak, Red-banded Hairstreak, White M Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, Horace's Duskywing, Sleepy Duskywing, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun in rich, moist, well-drained acid soil. Also found in drier soils.

Height: 50'-80' h. 

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Quercus coccinea, Scarlet Oak | PA Native | wide distribution
Quercus coccinea, Scarlet Oak | PA Native | wide distribution

Possibly the most attractive oak for fall color, Scarlet Oak turns shades of red or russet in late fall. Lobed leaves have pointed, bristled tips. Pyramidal in youth, more rounded outline at maturity. Fast growth rate: 1.5'-2' per year. Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Banded Hairstreak, Red-banded Hairstreak, White M Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, Horace's Duskywing, Sleepy Duskywing, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun in in well-drained, acid soil. Often found on poor, dry soils.

Height: 70'h x 40'w.

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Quercus palustris,	Pin Oak | PA Native | moderate distribution
Quercus palustris, Pin Oak | PA Native | moderate distribution

The most popular variety of oak for home landscapes, Pin Oak has an attractive form that is characterized by drooping lower branches, horizontal branches mid-tree, and upward branches at the top. Brown to red fall color. Fast growing: 12-15' over 7 years. Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Banded Hairstreak, Red-banded Hairstreak, White M Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, Horace's Duskywing, Sleepy Duskywing, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun in rich, moist, well-drained acid soil. Tolerates wet areas and standing water. Does not tolerate alkaline soils.

Height: 60'-70'h x 25'-40'w. 

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Quercus rubra, Red Oak | PA Native | wide distribution
Quercus rubra, Red Oak | PA Native | wide distribution

A fast-growing oak that is very tolerant of urban conditions, including pollution. Pointed, lobed leaves with red to russet fall color. Rounded outline. A very easy oak to transplant. Fast growth rate: 2' per year. Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, Banded Hairstreak, Red-banded Hairstreak, White M Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, Horace's Duskywing, Sleepy Duskywing, and Viceroy butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun in sandy loam, acid soil. Found on moist to dry sites.

Height: 60-75'h x 40'w. 

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Rhus glabra, Smooth Sumac | PA Native | wide distribution
Rhus glabra, Smooth Sumac | PA Native | wide distribution

A low-maintenance, thicket-forming plant that takes a variety of difficult soil conditions with ease. Beautiful fall color is yellow, orange or red. The fruit, which is produced in the fall, is scarlet red and lasts into the winter. Genus (Rhus) is a host for Red-banded Hairstreak and Summer Azure butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in average soil.

Height: 10-15' h.

Available: straight species.

Rhus typhina, Staghorn Sumac | PA Native | wide distribution

This is the shrub that makes the fall glow! Fiery red to orange fall color is consistently brilliant. Staghorn Sumac has a very distinct, bold branching pattern which is notable even in the winter. Scarlet-red fruit is ornamental; branches are covered with red hairs. Thicket-forming. Genus (Rhus) is a host for Red-banded Hairstreak and Summer Azure butterflies.

Culture:Plant in full sun to partial shade in average, well-drained soil.Tolerant of very poor, dry soils. Cut to ground in late winter to rejuvenate plant.

Height: 15-25' h. 

Available: straight species.

Sassafras albidum, Sassafras | PA Native | wide distribution
Sassafras albidum, Sassafras | PA Native | wide distribution

Sassafras is one of our most beautiful native trees for fall color, turning shades of yellow, orange and red. The leaves and bark have a spicy fragrance when bruised. Three different leaf shapes can be present at any one time! Attractive growth habit provides winter interest. Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail and Spicebush Swallowtail butterflies.

Culture:Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, acidic soil. 

Height: 30'-60'h x 25'-40'w.

Tilia americana,	American Basswood | PA Native | wide distribution
Tilia americana, American Basswood | PA Native | wide distribution

American Linden is a large tree with an upright, oval outline. The flowers in June are perhaps its most remarkable feature; the yellow flowers are not showy, but they are very fragrant, and are an important food source for bees. Fall color is variable yellow. Medium growth rate. Hosts Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Mourning Cloak and Question Mark butterflies.

Culture: Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, rich soil; adaptable to drier soils and wide pH range. Not pollution tolerant.

Height: 60'-80'h x 30'-40'w. 

More images: click here

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